The 1968 single-seater was to all intents and purposes the same as the one that debuted at Monza with four valves per cylinder engine and a few structural and aerodynamic modifications which made it more competitive but less reliable. Sponsorship had by now officially entered Formula 1. The 312 F1-68 was the first single-seater to use wings. It debuted at Spa in Belgium and was improved and improved until even the incidence of the wing became cockpit-adjustable. This meant the driver could command extra down force on curves and less on straights where speed counts.

Other teams quickly followed Ferrari’s example, but after a dreadful accident at Barcelona in which three spectators died, wings were banned briefly, before being reintroduced with greater restrictions. Ferrari won one race – at Rouen in France – with Jacky Ickx and made pole four times. The title went to Englishman Graham Hill, who was driving a Lotus.

Type rear, longitudinal 60° V12
Bore/stroke 77 x 53.5 mm
Unitary displacement 249.12 cc
Total displacement 2989.56 cc
Compression ratio 11 : 1
Maximum power 301 kW (410 hp) at 10.600 rpm
Power per litre 137 hp/l
Maximum torque -
Valve actuation twin overhead camshafts per bank, four valves per cylinder
Fuel feed Lucas indirect injection
Ignition single spark plug per cylinder, two coils
Lubrication dry sump
Clutch multi-plate
Frame semi-monocoque, tubular steel chassis with riveted aluminium panels
Front suspension independent, unequal-length wishbones, inboard coil springs over telescopic shock absorbers, anti-roll bar
Rear suspension independent, upper lever arm, reversed lower wishbone, twin radius arms, coil springs over telescopic shock absorbers, anti-roll bar
Brakes discs
Transmission 5-speed + reverse
Steering rack-and-pinion
Fuel tank capacity 182 litres
Front tyres 4.75-10.30-15
Rear tyres 6.00-12.30-15