The name of the single-seater prepared for 1957 is made up of the number 8 for the cylinders and 1 for Formula 1, with 0 to create the classic three-figure number. It was an evolution of the D50, completely in the Ferrari style, with a new tubular chassis, a redesigned V 8 engine and traditional bodywork. The first race it ran was the Argentinean GP on 13-1-1957.

A short stroke version of the engine was made. This was only used once, but is sometimes referred to as the standard engine. At the Naples GP the team also tried a rear suspension with independent wheels instead of the De Dion axle.

Ferrari did not win in the season which saw Juan Manuel Fangio take his fifth world championship title. It was a year of transition for the Maranello-based company, which only took a few places on the podium with Musso and Hawthorn.

Type front, longitudinal 90° V8
Bore/stroke 76 x 68.5 mm
Unitary displacement 310.75 cc
Total displacement 2485.98 cc
Compression ratio 11.5 : 1
Maximum power 202 kW (275 hp) at 8400 rpm
Power per litre 111 hp/l
Maximum torque -
Valve actuation twin overhead camshafts per bank, two valves per cylinder
Fuel feed four Solex 40 PII carburettors
Ignition two spark plugs per cylinder, two magnetos
Lubrication dry sump
Clutch twin-plate
Frame tubular steel
Front suspension independent, unequal-length wishbones, helical springs, telescopic shock absorbers, anti-roll bar
Rear suspension de Dion, upper transverse leaf spring, twin radius arms Houdaille hydraulic shock absorbers
Brakes drums
Transmission 5-speed + reverse
Steering worm and sector
Fuel tank capacity 200 litres
Front tyres 5.50 x 16
Rear tyres 7.00 x 16