The 1968 single-seater was to all intents and purposes the same as the one that debuted at Monza with four valves per cylinder engine and a few structural and aerodynamic modifications which made it more competitive but less reliable. Sponsorship had by now officially entered Formula 1. The 312 F1-68 was the first single-seater to use wings. It debuted at Spa in Belgium and was improved and improved until even the incidence of the wing became cockpit-adjustable. This meant the driver could command extra down force on curves and less on straights where speed counts.
Other teams quickly followed Ferrari’s example, but after a dreadful accident at Barcelona in which three spectators died, wings were banned briefly, before being reintroduced with greater restrictions. Ferrari won one race – at Rouen in France – with Jacky Ickx and made pole four times. The title went to Englishman Graham Hill, who was driving a Lotus.
|Type||rear, longitudinal 60° V12|
|Bore/stroke||77 x 53.5 mm|
|Unitary displacement||249.12 cc|
|Total displacement||2989.56 cc|
|Maximum power||301 kW (410 hp) at 10.600 rpm|
|Power per litre||137 hp/l|
|Valve actuation||twin overhead camshafts per bank, four valves per cylinder|
|Fuel feed||Lucas indirect injection|
|Frame||semi-monocoque, tubular steel chassis with riveted aluminium panels|
|Front suspension||independent, unequal-length wishbones, inboard coil springs over telescopic shock absorbers, anti-roll bar|
|Rear suspension||independent, upper lever arm, reversed lower wishbone, twin radius arms, coil springs over telescopic shock absorbers, anti-roll bar|
|Transmission||5-speed + reverse|
|Fuel tank||capacity 182 litres|