The year of the first win in Formula One for Ferrari with Jose Froilan Gonzales in Silverstone. The 375 F1, with a naturally aspirated engine, consumes less, which enables the Scuderia to gain time during the pit stops.
1953 is an important season with Ascari winning with the 500 F2: World Champion for the second time in a row. The Italian driver wins in Argentinia, in the Netherlands, in Belgium, England and in Switzerland.
Formula One changes the rules: cylinder capacity is limited to 2.5 litres for naturally aspirated engines and to 750 cm3 for those with compressors. Ferrari choses the first option and fights with Mercedes. The Germans calculate speed and gear changes for everey single circuit, but in the end Ferrari wins the marques’ title.
The Drivers’ Title is fought out with Mercedes and Fangio wins. Ferrari works on materials, the chassis construction and an improved engine. The 500 series proceeds: after the 553 the Scuderia uses the 555 F1 aka “Supersqualo”.
A positive season for a new team of drivers, with World Champion Juan Manuel Fangio together with Musso, Castellotti and Peter Collins as well as in some races Gendebien, De Portago and Trintignant. The single-seater, the D50 from Lancia and Ferrari conquers the World Title with the Argentinian driver despite some problems with its reliability.
The Scuderia Ferrari debuts with the new single-seater type 801, similar to the D50 for the V8 engine and De Dion rear axle. This was the last season with the Lancia V8-engines, but it wasn’t as successful as the years before. Fangio didn’t race for Ferrari anymore, but a young Mike Hawthorn joined the team from Maranello.
The new engine, the V6 from the Dino made its entry in this challenging season to fight against Stirling Moss with Cooper and later Vanwall. The Ferrari drivers Hawthorn, Musso and Collins raced with the 246 F1 and Fangio for Maserati. The Italian driver lost his life in Reims in July, while Collins died at the race on the Nürburgring. The second place gained by Hawthorn was worth the World Title, the third for the Scuderia Ferrari.
While in 1958 the Scuderia could defend itself against Cooper, the team was less fortunate in 1959. The English team used a 2495cm3 engine especially planned for Formula One. Brabham won the first race and the Title, while Ferrari replied with a bigger V6-engine with 2474.5 cm3 and 292 bhp. On the fast tracks the car was superior, but it wasn’t enough this year due to problems with the braking system and parts of the chassis.